Mishkal Masjid, Kuttichira

Mishkal Masjid, Kuttichira, is the oldest mosque in Kozhikode(formerly Calicut). It is named after the rich Arab merchant who built it. A four-storeyed structure supported by wooden pillars, the mosque is a rare specimen of the architectural splendour of Kerala. 

In 1510, the Portuguese Naval force burnt down some portions of it. Some charred portions still remain on the top floor of the mosque.


Mishkal Masjid Kuttichira is one of the top pilgrim centers in Calicut, Kerala. Built over 700 years back, this mosque is the oldest in the district. The mosque is also known as Mithqal palli.

 

Mishkal Masjid is named after Nakhooda Mishkal, the Arab merchant who built this mosque. Portuguese attacked the mosque in 1510 and burnt a part of this mosque. The burnt-scars on the mosque is still visible on the top floors.

Though the mosque was first built in five stories, after renovation one story was taken off. Currently Mishkal Masjid has four stories. The mosque is set on 24 pillars and this architectural attraction also draws Muslim devotees from far and wide.

Around 300 people can be accommodated in the ground floor which has 47 doors. Another attractive feature of the mosque is square tank. Similar to the temples with square tank, the mosque too has a a square tank showing a perfect example of religious harmony. The wooden walls too resemble Hindu temples in Kerala. Non Muslims also can enter this mosque which is one of the top Muslim pilgrim centers in Kerala.

One of the oldest mosques in the city, this four storeyed structure supported by wooden pillars proudly proclaims the architectural splendour of yester years. In 1510 the Portuguese burnt down some parts of it, but the charred portions still remain. The mosque is named after the rich trader who built it. Till today, the Muslims of the area make a visit to the mosque to offer their everyday namaz.
 
The Mishkal Mosque is a place where anybody can enter irrespective of their caste or social status. Thus in today's world of ethnic violence and caste difference, the Mishkal Mosque stands as the symbol of peace and is one of the most important pilgrimage centers in India.
 
 Kuttichira community The city centre itself is filled with a lot of smaller localities surrounding mosques and temples. One of our first venture was the Kuttichira community, specifically the Mishkal Mosque, Kuttichira Tank and the Juma Masjid. The local community were a lot enthusiastic to provide information, which showed their friendliness. Mishkal Mosque at Kuttichira, Kozhikode, was built by Nakhuda Mishkal in the 14th century. Nakhuda Mishkal was a renowned trader and ship owner from Yemen. The title Nakhuda is of persian origin, meaning Captain of the ship;. As you can see, the mosque was designed in the traditional Kerala architecture of that period. The Mishkal Mosque at Kuttichira stands as a symbol of communal harmony.
 
 In 1510 AD, the Portuguese had attacked the mosque and partially destroyed it. Supposedly, their mission was to divide and rule, breaking the harmony between hindus and muslims. The Samoothiri (Zamorin), the local ruler at that time, didn't fall for this and helped in defending and repairing the mosque. The mosque was 5 storeyed, but after the destruction, it remained as a 4 storeyed structure. The walls of the mosque, except the ground floor are made of wood. Remnants of the portuguese destruction can still be seen on the upmost floor.
 

 HISTORY

 
 
 
The Mosque was built by an Arab merchant, Nakhooda Mishkal, nearly 650 years ago. It is named after him.It is located in a part of Thekkepuram region in Kozhikode city. Nakhuda Mishkal was a renowned trader and ship owner from Yemen. The title Nakhuda is of persian origin, meaning Captain of the ship; from nāv = boat +khudā = master. The mosque was designed in the traditional kerala architecture of that period. The Mishkal Mosque at Kuttichira stands as a symbol of communal harmony. In 1510 AD, the Portuguese had attacked the mosque and partially destroyed it. Supposedly, their mission was to divide and rule, breaking the harmony between hindus and muslims. The Samoothiri (Zamorin), the local ruler at that time, didn't fall for this and helped in defending and repairing the mosque.

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