Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary

The sanctuary constitutes he catchments of peppara dam constructed across the Karamana river and commissioned during 
1983 to augment the drinking water supply to Thiruvananthapuram city and suburban areas.

Location: 77 6’ 50” and 77 14’ 5” East Longitude and 8 34’ 30” and 8 41’ 25” North Latitude

Area: 53 sq km

Year of formation: 1983 (GO(P) 379/83/AD/21..12..1983)

Climate: Temperature varies from 16 C to 35 C.

Topography: Altitude ranging from 100 to 1717 m. The major peaks in the sanctuary are Chemmunjimottai (1717 m), 
Athirumalai 1594 m, Arumukhamkunnu (1457 m), Koviltherimalai (1313 m) and Nachiyadikunnu (957 m).

Rainfall: Annual average rainfall is 2500 mm

Drainage: The major rivers are Karamana river and its tributaries. The peppara reservoir is of an area of 5.82 sq .km.

Forest Types: Forest types include West coast tropical evergreen, Southen hilltop tropical evergreen, West cast semi-evergreen, 
Southern moist mixed deciduous forest, Myristica swamp forest, sub-montane hill valley swamp forest etc.

Biodiversity: Common tree species are Terminalia paniculta, T. bellerica, PTEROCARPUS MARSUPIUM, Palaquium ellipticum, 
Mesua ferrea, Hopea parviflora, Bombax ceiba, Syzyguium cummini, Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Albizzia procera, 
Alstonia scholaris, etc.

43 species of mammals, 233 sp. of birds, 46 species of reptiles, 13 species of amphibians and 27 species of fishes are reported 
from the sanctuary.

The common mammals found are Tiger, Leopard, Sloth bear, Elephant, Sambar barking Deer, bonnet Macaque, Nilgiri langur, 
Nilgiri tahr etc.

Approach: By Road – Thiruvananthapuram – 44km

Nearest Railway Station: – Thiruvananthapuram – 44km

Nearest Airport: – Thiruvananthapuram – 49 km

Accommodation: - No facilities by the Department. IB of Kerala Water Authority is very near to the headquarters.

Best season to visit: January to March

Closure Period : Open throughout the year

Special Attractions: Trekking to forest area – Bonafalls, Vazahuvanthole water falls,Kalarkad waterfalls, visit to settlement 
areas etc.

Contact Address:

The Wildlife Warden

Thiruvananthapuram Wildlife Division,
Forestry Complex, Rajiv Gandhi Nagar,
Vattiyorkavu P.O, Thiruvananthapuram
Phone: 0471 2360762 Mobile:9447979082
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Located in the Western Ghats, Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary lies 50 km northeast of Thiruvananthapuram city, in Nedumangad Taluk. Formerly part of Paruthipally, the Sanctuary includes portion of the Palode and Kottoor Reserve Forests and covers an area of 53 sq km. Considering the ecological significance of the area, it was declared a Sanctuary in 1983. About three major forest types including the southern hilltop tropical evergreen, west coast semi-evergreen and southern moist mixed deciduous forests are seen in this Sanctuary. Enclosing a dam, thick forests, eucalyptus plantations, crystal clear streams and rocky terrain that sustain rich fauna, the Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary is a delightful ecotourism zone. Around 13 tribal settlements exist in scattered pockets within this Sanctuary.

Ecotourism Activities

Peppara is a haven for birdwatchers and butterfly lovers as the area is inundated with a rich variety of rare moths and butterflies. With its diverse variety of forest types and hilly terrain, the Sanctuary supports an assortment of wildlife including tigers, panther, wild dog, lion tailed macaque, Nilgiri langur and the Malabar squirrel. Water birds like darter, little cormorant, pied king fisher and egrets are also common here, making it doubly satisfying for trekkers and sightseers alike. One or two-day treks are possible, but requires prior permission. The summer months of March to June are ideal for hiking.

In and Around

Ponmudi Hill Station, Lion Safari Park, Kallar, Anappara and Meenmutty Waterfalls are some of the important attractions around here.

Accessing Peppara

Location: Located in Nedumangad in Thiruvananthapuram District, the Sanctuary is accessible from Vithura on the Thiruvananthapuram-Ponmudi Road.
Altitude: 1,715 m above sea level.

Air: 55 km from Thiruvananthapuram International Airport.
Rail: 50 km from Thiruvananthapuram Central Railway Station.
Road: 50 km from Thampanoor Bus Station. One can take a bus from Vithura (14 km from the Sanctuary) or Nedumangad (30 km).

For enquiries and bookings, contact:
Wildlife Sanctuary Office, Thiruvananthapuram Ph: 0471-2360762
District Tourist Promotion Council, Thiruvananthapuram Ph: 0471-2315397


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