Mangrove biodiversity in INDIA

 Mangrove flora and fauna of INDIA

Sl. No

Groups

No. of Species

Flora

1                                                         Mangroves                                                                                         39

2                                                         Mangrove associates*                                                                     86

3                                                         Sea grasses                                                                                        11

4                                                         Marine algae* *                                                                               557

5                                                         Bacteria                                                                                              69

6                                                         Fungi                                                                                                   103

7                                                         Actinomycetes                                                                                  23

8                                                         Lichens                                                                                               32

Fauna

9                                                         Prawns and lobsters                                                                        55

10                                                       Crabs                                                                                                  138

11                                                       Insects                                                                                                707

12                                                       Molluscs                                                                                             305

13                                                      Other invertebrates                                                                          745

14                                                      Fish parasites                                                                                      7

15                                                      Fin fish                                                                                                 543

16                                                     Amphibians                                                                                          13

17                                                     Reptiles                                                                                                 84

18                                                     Birds                                                                                                     426

Total number of species                                                                                                                         4011

*Plants that occur in the environment and are also found within mangroves

**Include phytoplankton and seaweeds

 

                         Total number of species of flora and fauna

 

 

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