Connecting Malayali

Basic Information

Kerala or Keralam (Malayalam: കേരളം, Kēraḷam) is an Indian state located on the malabar coast of south-west India. It was formed on 1 November 1956 by the States Reorganisation Act by combining various Malayalam speaking regions. The first elected communist government in the world was the first government of Kerala (1957) leading by communist leader E.M.S Namboodiripad as Chief Minister. Kerala is sandwiched between the Lakshadweep Sea and the Western Ghats, is a narrow, fertile strip of land on the southwest coast of India. The landscape of Kerala is a gift of the sea and the mountains.The God that made Kerala had green thumbs.

The state has an area of 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi) and is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Arabian Sea on the west. The width of the state varies from 11km to 121km. The city of Thiruvananthapuram is the state capital. Kochi,Kozhikode,Thrissur,Kottayam and Palakkad are other major cities. According to a survey by The Economic Times, five out of ten best cities to live in India are located in Kerala.Kerala is a popular tourist destination for its backwaters, yoga, Ayurvedic treatments and tropical greenery.

Kerala has the highest Human Development Index in India,  The state has the highest literacy rate in India with 99 percent. It hopes to be the first e-literate state in India through the state run Akshaya project.

In addition to all, Keala has attained a strong attention at international level when National Geographic Manazine selected Kerala as one among the 50 beautiful localities in the world which must not be missed in a life time and the breakfast in Kerala as the most delicious one in the world. Now Kerala attracts large number of domestic and international tourists

In addition to its natural beauty, tourist prefer the state due wonderful climate, highly literate population, well established transport system, diversity in culture, tradition and festivals. Traditional ayurvedic treatment also one of the major attraction to the state.  In short, as it is popularly called…… Gods Own Country

Kerala with a literacy rate of 90.90%, stands first among other Indian states. Recognizing the need for a literate population and provision of elementary education as a crucial input for nation building, the state government with the backing of the central government, launched a number of plans and programmes over the past years to facilitate the provision of free and compulsory education with satisfactory quality to all children at least up to the age of 14 years. 'Akshara Keralam' Project introduced in the early 1990s was one such project initiated with the aim of bringing the the maximum number of illiterates to schools and other study centres. This project was implemented in different phases throughout the state. Apart from this, a number ofgovernment organizations and voluntary associations under various schemes and services, conduct classes ( mainly evening classes ) for the illiterate adults. Such classes are held throughout the rural and backward areas of the state where educational institutions were absent in the yesteryears or for those who were unable attain elementary education in their childhood or later. The literacy rate in the urban areas is slightly greater than in the rural areas. As per the norms of National Literacy Mission, a literacy rate above 90 % shall be treated as complete literacy. On this basis, Kerala was declared a, 'Fully Literate State', on April 18th, 1991

The state has an area of 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi) and is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Arabian Sea on the west.

Kerala is located between latitudes 8 degree 18' north and 12 degree 48' north and longitudes 74 degree east 52' and 72 degree 22' east, this is a land of eternal beauty having 1.18 per cent of the country. It is on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. Tamil Nadu state is in east and Karnataka state is in north of Kerala. Due to its terrain and its physical features, it is dividing in east west cross-section into three district regions - hill & valleys midland plains and coastal region. Forests cover 27 per cent of the whole of Kerala.Kerala has a total forest area of 11,125.59 sq.kms including 7 Wild life Sanctuaries, covering 28.88 percent of the total land area of Kerala. This is greater than the national average of 19.50. Its forest area is mainly spread over the Western Ghats. Kerala's forest can be divided into 5 major categories, viz. Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests , Tropical Moist Deciduous Forests, Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests, Mountain Sub Tropical and Plantations. Some of the forests are so dense that their flora and fauna, in places such as Silent Valley, have not yet been completely assessed and recorded. Medicinal herbs, abundant in these forests, are used in Ayurveda.  Though small in size, Kerala is a land affluent in water sources. 44 rivers water the land, of which 41 are west flowing and 3 flow east. Apart from these 44 main rivers, their tributaries and distributaries and a countless number of streams and rivulets crisscross the land making it green and fertile and also serves as inland waterways. Aside from these rivers, Kerala is bestowed with a number of lakes and backwater lagoon which add to the beauty of the land. Vembanadu lake with a area of 260 is the largest in the state. Shastamkotta lake is the largest natural fresh water lake. The Western Ghats represent one of the World's 18 hot spots of bio-diversity and is considered to be a repository of endemic, rare and endangered flora and fauna. The state's riverine and montane rain forests, tropical deciduous forests, and upland temperate grasslands are inhabited by an extraordinary variety of plant and animal life which include the sambar deer, gaur (wild bison), Nilgiri tahr, elephant, leopard, tiger, bonnet monkey, the rare lion-tailed macaque, the Hanuman and Nilgiri langurs, spectacled and king cobras, peafowl, and hornbill. Kerala houses over 25% of India's 15,000 plant species.

The coastal state of Kerala lying on the Southwestern tip of India has commonly been called the tropical paradise of India. Bounded by Arabian Sea at one side and the Western Ghats on the other, the beautiful land with stunning beauty has an equable and tropical climate offering a pleasing atmosphere throughout the entire year. This coastal state has hot and humid climate during April-May and pleasant, cold climate in December-January.  Kerala would have been a dry land because of the dry winds blowing from the north, but for the Western Ghats which prevent this wind from entering the land. Kerala receives copious rain (average 3000 mm a year )each year. The temperature in Kerala normally ranges from 28° to 32° C (82° to 90° F) on the plains but drops to about 20° C (68° F) in the highlands. The Highlands of Kerala, which is an area of major tourist attraction, enjoys a cool and invigorating climate the year-round . Owing to its diversity in geographical features, the climatic condition in Kerala is diverse. It can be divided into 4 seasons - Winter, Summer, South-West Monsoon and North-East Monsoon.Summer extends from the month of April to June. During this period the temperature reaches to a maximum of 33 degrees centigrade which is considered less when compared other states of India. The minimum temperature remains within 20 degree centigrade at sea level. he rainfall is around 80% and in the southern regions the rainfall ranges from 40-50%. Actually the existence of the Western Ghats on the eastern side of the state of Kerala creates a barrier across the path of the southwest monsoon. This resulted in the creation of a significant climatic variation with abundant rainfall on the windward side and a dry belt on the lee eastern side. The North East Monsoon begins in the month of October and stops at the end of December. 

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