Kerala- Population-census 2011

Census  2011 put Kerala's population at 3,33,87,677 persons which included 16,021,290 males and 17,366,387 females. Although Kerala accounts for only 1 per cent of the total area of India, it contains about 3 per cent of the country's population. The population density of the state is about 859 people per square kilometres, three times the national average. Kerala is one of the densest States in the country and it recorded a decadal population growth of + 4.86% (1,546,303 persons). Kerala, with a sex-ratio (females per 1000 males) of 1084, is the only state in India with a positive figure. In the human development and related indices it occupies prime position among the Indian States.. Almost 91% of the populace is literate. And about 10.3 million i.e.32.3 percent are employed in some occupation or other. Almost 7.2 percent of the populationis employed in cultivation, 16 percent as agricultural laborers, 3.5 percent in household industries and the majority of 73.2 percent in other industries. A steep rise in the literacy has led to a rise in those employed in highly technical fields such as engineering, medicine, IT etc. Kerala is home to 2.76% oIndia's people, and at 859 persons per km²  its land is three times as densely settled as the rest of India. However, Kerala's population growth rate is far lower than the national average. Whereas Kerala's population more than doubled between 1951 and 1991  adding 15.6 million people to reach a total of 29.1 million residents in 1991  the population stood at less than 32 million by 2001 and 33.3 million in 2011. Kerala's people are most densely settled in the coastal region, leaving the eastern hills and mountains comparatively sparsely populated.The major religions followed in Kerala are Hinduism, Islam  and Christianity . Kerala also had a tiny Jewish population until recently, said to date from 587 BC when they fled the occupation of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar. The 2001 Indian census recorded only 51 Jews in Kerala. The synagogue in Kochi is the oldest in the Commonwealth of Nations. The state has many famous Temples, Mosques, and Churches. The oldest church in India is found in Palayoor, purportedly constructed in A.D. 52 by St. Thomas. Importantly, Kerala has one of the most secular majority populations in India.


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