Health

Health

Andhra Pradesh: New-born baby weighs 5.5 kgs

A 20-year-old woman gave birth to a baby girl weighing 5.5 kgs at the GSL General Hospital in Rajahmundry on Friday.

    
"The average birth-weight is around 2.8 kgs. It is not unusual to be born with 2.5 to 3.5 kgs weight, but a baby with 5.5 kgs is quite unusual, especially in India," said Dr V Sarojini, Professor of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, GSL General Hospital.
    
Both the baby and the mother were doing well, she added.
    
The highest birth-weight in the world has been reported in Lybia (6.2 kgs).
    
Karimi Devi (20), the woman, hails from Pera Ramachandrapuram near Anaparthi in East Godavari District. Her husband is an auto-rickshaw driver.
    
The baby was delivered through a cesarean section, the doctor added.
    
The couple's earlier child too weighed 4 kgs at the time of birth.
   
"It is common to have overweight babies if parents are diabetic. But this baby's parents are not diabetic. There are no specific reasons for high birth weight in this case," the doctor added.

Vaccination Chart

Childhood vaccines offer protection from serious or potentially fatal diseases. Know which vaccines your child needs now and which vaccines are coming up.

The vaccine schedule is designed to ensure that children receive vaccines at the optimal time to protect them from infectious diseases. The schedule is updated every year, and changes range from the addition of a new vaccine to tweaks of current recommendations.

Given the schedule's complexity and frequent updates, it can be challenging for parents to stay on top of which vaccines their children need and when. Use this guide to find out which vaccines your child needs now and which vaccines are coming up based on recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

If your child has health issues, such as HIV or diabetes, or if you're planning to travel outside the U.S., talk to your doctor about whether your child needs to follow a different vaccine schedule.

If your child misses a dose of a vaccine, ask your child's doctor about scheduling a catch-up vaccination. If you're ever unsure about which vaccines your child needs, don't hesitate to ask the doctor. You might also ask about combination vaccines to reduce the number of shots in a single visit.

Birth

The first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine is usually given at birth. A second dose may be given at age 1 month or at 2 months when other vaccinations are typically given.

  • Hepatitis B vaccine, first dose

Age 2 months

At age 2 months, a series of several vaccinations usually begins. Combination vaccines are generally used to reduce the number of shots.

  • Hepatitis B vaccine, second dose if not given at 1 month
  • Rotavirus (RV) vaccine, first dose
  • Diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine, first dose
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine, first dose
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13), first dose
  • Inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), first dose

Age 4 months

At age 4 months, follow-up doses of the vaccines administered at 2 months are usually given. Check with your child's doctor about catch-up vaccinations if your child is behind schedule or has missed any doses of vaccines.

  • Rotavirus (RV) vaccine, second dose
  • Diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine, second dose
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine, second dose
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13), second dose
  • Inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), second dose

Age 6 months

At age 6 months, a third round of vaccinations is given. A yearly seasonal influenza (flu) vaccine also is recommended beginning at age 6 months and continuing through age 18 years. For children younger than age 2 years, the influenza vaccine is given as a shot. The first time a child receives the vaccine, it's usually divided into two doses. Ask your child's doctor for details.

  • Hepatitis B vaccine, third dose
  • Rotavirus (RV) vaccine, third dose if needed
  • Diphtheria toxoid, tetanus toxoid and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine, third dose
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine, third dose
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13), third dose
  • Inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), third dose
  • Influenza vaccine, once a year

Ages 12 to 18 months

The final doses of both Hib vaccine and PCV13 are usually given between ages 12 and 15 months. The fourth dose of DTaP is usually given between ages 15 and 18 months. However, in some cases, the fourth dose can be given as early as age 12 months — as long as it's been six months since the previous dose.

In addition, the first doses of MMR, varicella and hepatitis A vaccines are usually given at this time. The second dose of the hepatitis A vaccine can be given between ages 12 months and 23 months — as long as it's been six months since the previous dose.

  • Diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine, fourth dose
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine, fourth dose
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13), fourth dose
  • Measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, first dose
  • Varicella vaccine, first dose
  • Hepatitis A vaccine, two doses given at least six months apart
  • Influenza vaccine, once a year
  • Ages 2 to 3 years

    For healthy children ages 2 years and older, the yearly influenza vaccine can be given as a shot or a nasal spray.

    Children between ages 14 months and 59 months (4 years, 11 months) who completed the PCV series with a previous version of the vaccine may need a single additional dose of the new version (PCV13) — as long as it's been eight weeks since the most recent dose of PCV.

  • Hepatitis A vaccine, if needed
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13), if needed
  • Influenza vaccine, once a year

Ages 4 to 6 years

The final doses of DTaP, IPV, MMR and varicella vaccines are usually given before a child begins kindergarten.

  • Diphtheria toxoid, tetanus toxoid and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine, fifth dose
  • Inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), fourth dose
  • Measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, second dose
  • Varicella vaccine, second dose
  • Influenza vaccine, once a year

Ages 7 to 10 years

Children who are behind schedule or have missed one or more doses of vaccines may need catch-up vaccinations. For example, children who haven't been fully vaccinated against pertussis need a dose of Tdap. Ask your child's doctor if your child needs any catch-up vaccinations.

  • Influenza vaccine, once a year

Ages 11 to 12 years

Single doses of Tdap and MCV4 are recommended for adolescents at age 11 or 12 years. In addition, HPV vaccination is recommended for both boys and girls at age 11 or 12 — although it can be given as early as age 9. It's given as a series of three injections over a six-month period.

  • Tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine, one dose
  • Meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4), one dose
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, three doses over six months
  • Influenza vaccine, once a year

Ages 16 to 18 years

A booster dose of MCV4 is recommended for adolescents at age 16 years. An additional dose of Tdap is recommended for adolescents who are pregnant, regardless of the number of years since prior Tdap or tetanus and diphtheria toxoids (Td) vaccination.

  • Meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4), booster
  • Tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine, during pregnancy
  • Influenza vaccine, once a year

List of cancer types

 

Cancer Types

Choose from the list below to get information and resources for a specific cancer topic. 

Asthma symptoms

A new study has found that asthma sufferers, who are frequently exposed to heavy traffic pollution or smoke from wood fire heaters, experience a significant worsening of symptoms.

The University of Melbourne led study is the first of its kind to assess the impact of traffic pollution and wood smoke from heaters on middle-aged adults with asthma.

The results revealed adults who suffer asthma and were exposed to heavy traffic pollution experienced an 80 percent increase in symptoms and those exposed to wood smoke from wood fires experienced an 11 percent increase in symptoms.

Asthma affects more than 300 million people worldwide and is one of the most chronic health conditions.

Dr John Burgess of the School of Population Health at the University of Melbourne and a co-author on the study said "it is now recommended that adults who suffer asthma should not live on busy roads and that the use of old wood heaters should be upgraded to newer heaters, to ensure their health does not worsen."

Traffic exhaust is thought to exacerbate asthma through airway inflammation.

Particles from heavy vehicles exhaust have been shown to enhance allergic inflammatory responses in sensitised people who suffer asthma.

The study is published in the journal Respirology.

 

For more http://www.deccanchronicle.com/130821/lifestyle-health-and-well-being/article/pollution-worsens-asthma-symptoms

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21 May 2013 A research program that should eventually allow all cancer patients to have access to genetic testing has been launched with £2.7 million ($4 million) funding from the Wellcome Trust. The program, involving the Institute of Cancer Research, London...

Few Simple Steps To Prevent Skin Cancer This Summer
21 May 2013 Skin cancer remains the most common cancer in the U.S., and as summer is quickly approaching, Americans are encouraged to take a few simple steps to protect their health and prevent skin cancer throughout this upcoming season. The U.S. Environmental...

Exercise Lowers Risk Of Lung And Colorectal Cancer Among Middle Aged Men
17 May 2013 New research conducted by researchers at the University of Vermont reveals that middle-aged men who engage in a lot of cardiovascular exercise are at a reduced risk of suffering from lung and colorectal cancer. In addition, those who exercise are less...

Early Stage Testicular Cancer - Surveillance Is Best Follow-Up Strategy
17 May 2013 A long-term study of men with stage I seminoma, a common form of testicular cancer, suggests that surveillance for cancer recurrence, rather than additional chemotherapy or radiation therapy, is sufficient for the vast majority of patients who have...

Advanced Prostate Cancer Drug Xofigo Approved By FDA
17 May 2013 Xofigo (radium Ra 223 dichloride) has been approved by the US FDA for symptomatic late-stage (metastatic) castration-resistant prostate cancer that has reached bones but not other organs, i.e. with no known visceral metastatic disease. The Food and...

FDA Approves New Lung Cancer Diagnostic "Cobas EGFR Mutation Test"
15 May 2013 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the cobas EGFR Mutation Test, a companion diagnostic for the cancer drug Tarceva (erlotinib). This is the first FDA-approved companion diagnostic that detects epidermal growth factor receptor...

Angelina Jolie Has Double Mastectomy Because Of 87% Breast Cancer Risk
14 May 2013 Actress Angelina Jolie, who carries a mutation in her BRCA1 gene, announced that she has had a double mastectomy. Women who carry a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation have a significantly higher risk of developing breast and ovarian cancers. According to Angelina

Agent Orange Linked To Fatal Prostate Cancer
13 May 2013 A new study of US Veterans has found that exposure to Agent Orange is linked to a two-fold higher risk of developing the most lethal forms of prostate cancer. The researchers suggest a history of exposure to the agent, which contains the dioxin TCDD, a

Social Interaction Can Help Relieve Breast Cancer Symptoms
12 May 2013 Breast cancer patients who have lots of friends and social relationships tend to cope with the pain and other symptoms associated with the disease better than those who are more isolated, according to new research published in the journal Breast Cancer

Soy And Tomato Combination May Help Prevent Prostate Cancer
11 May 2013 Soy and tomato foods are probably better at preventing prostate cancer when eaten in combination than alone, researchers from the University of Illinois reported this week. John Erdman, professor of food science and nutrition, and colleagues used...

Sleep Problems Double Men's Risk Of Prostate Cancer
08 May 2013 Sleep problems, such as difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep, double the risk of prostate cancer in men, according to new research. The study was conducted by a team at the University of Iceland in Reykjavik and was published in the journal...

HPV Vaccine - Young Women Motivated More By STD Than Cancer Protection
08 May 2013 Young women are more likely to take the HPV vaccine if they are told it protects from a nasty sexually transmitted disease, even though it also protects from potentially deadly cervical cancer, researchers from The Ohio State University and Texas Tech...

Physical Activity Reduces Breast Cancer Risk
08 May 2013 Breast cancer risk can be reduced through physical activity, according to new data published in a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, called Cancer Epidemiology. Aerobic exercise may prove to be a very effective means of lowering...

CT Screening Reduces Lung Cancer Deaths
07 May 2013 CT (computed tomography) screening can reduce lung cancer deaths among high-risk individuals, according to results from the National Lung Cancer Study. The research was conducted by the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) which issued...

DNA Housekeeping Proteins May Also Prevent Cancer
06 May 2013 Scientists once thought BAF proteins confined their activity to cellular housekeeping. But then they discovered these complexes do more than help package and maintain DNA in cells: it seems they also suppress tumor development in many types of tissue...

Deaths From Prostate Cancer Lower Among Statin Users
04 May 2013 New research from the US suggests men with prostate cancer who took or started taking statins before their diagnosis, may reduce their risk of dying from the disease. Statins are a class of drugs prescribed for lowering cholesterol. Lead researcher...

More Younger Women Getting Breast Cancer
04 May 2013 The number of younger women (aged under 50) being diagnosed with breast cancer has topped 10,000 in one year for the first time in the United Kingdom, says Cancer Research UK, a charity. Today in the UK, out of every five women who are diagnosed with...

Researchers Identify Mutations That Cause Blood Cancer Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
03 May 2013 A group of researchers has just identified all of the genetic mutations that cause blood cancer acute myeloid leukemia (AML), which could help drive further research for newer and better treatments for AML. The research, which was published online in...

Scientists Decode "Molecular Chatter" That Makes Cancer Cells Spread
02 May 2013 For the first time, scientists in the US have decoded the "molecular chatter" that makes cancer cells more aggressive and more likely to travel and set up tumors in other parts of the body (metastasize). The discovery came about as a result of...

Breast Implants Can Hinder Breast Cancer Survival In Women
01 May 2013 Cosmetic breast implants may hinder survival in women who later develop breast cancer, according to a new small study published in BMJ. The authors suggest that these results be interpreted with caution because some of the twelve studies that were...

Teen Pregnancy Linked To 50% Drop In Breast Cancer Risk
30 Apr 2013 A teen or early pregnancy have been linked to a drop in the risk of breast cancer by 50%, a new study published in BioMed Central's Breast Cancer Research finds. Researchers found that the Wnt/Notch signalling ratio was reduced in the breast tissue...

Women Smokers Have Higher Colon Cancer Risk Than Men
30 Apr 2013 Smoking increases the risk of developing colon cancer in both males and females, however, the risk is higher among women smokers, according to a new study. The research was conducted by a team of experts from the University of Tromsø in Norway and was

Cancer Cells Are Nimbler Than Non-Malignant Cells
29 Apr 2013 Clues about how cells become cancerous are revealed in a new catalogue of their physical and chemical features. The catalogue shows, among other things, how malignant cells that break out of tumors and invade other organs are nimbler and more...

Race, Income Linked To Breast Cancer Treatment Delays
25 Apr 2013 Women who delay treatment for breast cancer are less likely to survive, and this is especially observed in African-Americans, Hispanics, and those of low-income. The finding came from a new study conducted by researchers from the University of...

Ovarian Cancer May Be Detected Early By Testing Cells From Uterus Or Cervix
24 Apr 2013 Pioneering biophotonics technology developed in the US can detect nanoscale changes in cells from the cervix and uterus that may indicate early stage ovarian cancer, according to a study published this month in the International Journal of Cancer. The...

Risk Of Cancer Is 15% Higher In 9/11 Responders
24 Apr 2013 The risk of cancer is 15% higher in 9/11 responders compared to the general population not exposed to Ground Zero, according to a new study. The research was conducted by Mount Sinai Hospital's World Trade Center Health Program and was published in...

Low-Dose Aspirin May Halt Breast Cancer
23 Apr 2013 Research done in test tubes and in mice presented at a conference in Boston in the US at the weekend suggests taking low doses of aspirin on a regular basis may stop breast cancer from growing and spreading. However, cancer campaigners urge caution as...

Alcohol Doesn't Increase Risk Of Breast Cancer
13 Apr 2013 A new study has revealed that alcohol consumption doesn't increase a woman's risk of breast cancer, and that moderate alcohol consumption may actually modestly lower the risk of early death among breast cancer survivors at risk of cardiovascular...

Omega-3 Fatty Acids Slow Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Cell Proliferation
12 Apr 2013 Omega-3 fatty acids, as well as their metabolite products, stop or slow the proliferation of triple-negative breast cancer cells better than cells from luminal types of cancer, researchers from Fox Chase Cancer Center reported at the AACR Annual...

FDA Step Closer To Approving Breast Cancer Drug "Palbociclib"
11 Apr 2013 The pharmaceutical giant Pfizer has just announced that their drug "Palbociclib", a selective inhibitor of cyclin dependent kinases (CDK) 4 and 6, has just received Breakthrough Therapy designation by the United States Food and Drug Administration...

Prostate Cancer With Faulty BRCA2 Gene Spreads More Quickly
10 Apr 2013 A new study finds that prostate cancer spreads more quickly and is more likely to be fatal in men who have inherited a faulty BRCA2 gene. The researchers say such patients should be treated straight away with surgery or radiotherapy rather than just...

Delayed Mammography Screening Can Increase Risk Of Breast Cancer Mortality
09 Apr 2013 The time between diagnosis of breast cancer among older women and their last mammogram is associated with a heightened risk of breast cancer mortality, according to new data presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual...

Common Heart Drug Associated With Increased Cancer Risk
08 Apr 2013 A drug known as amiodarone, used to treat heartbeat irregularities, could raise a person's cancer risk, according to new research published in the journal Cancer. The study reveals that the risk, which the investigators described as "borderline...

Personalized Ovarian Cancer Vaccine Shows Promise In Trial
08 Apr 2013 Delegates at a conference in the US this week are hearing about early results of a trial of a new personalized ovarian cancer vaccine that offers new hope for the large number of patients who relapse after treatment. Three-quarters of trial patients...

Bowel Cancer Rates Increase In The UK
03 Apr 2013 Over the last three and a half decades, the rate of bowel cancer among British men has increased by 30 percent while there's only been a 6 percent increase in women, according to Cancer Research UK. The new data come from the awareness and fundraising

New Test Could Help Detect Pancreatic Cancer Early
30 Mar 2013 A new diagnostic test that uses a scientific method called metabolomic analysis could help detect pancreatic cancer early, and therefore, improve the prognosis of patients with the disease. This new screening method is safe and easy, according to new...

By 2022 There Will Be Nearly 18 Million Cancer Survivors In The US
28 Mar 2013 An aging population combined with better treatment techniques means more people will overcome cancer. The second Annual Report on Cancer Survivorship was released yesterday from the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) and is published in...

Scientists Identify Genetic Causes For Prostate, Breast And Ovarian Cancer In Breakthrough Research
28 Mar 2013 More than 80 genome regions that can raise a person's risk of developing prostate, breast and ovarian cancers, have been identified in a huge study led by scientists from the University of Cambridge and The Institute of Cancer Research, London...

Fast Biological Aging Linked To Risk Of Heart Disease And Cancer
27 Mar 2013 A link has been discovered between biological aging and the risk of developing many age-related diseases - including multiple sclerosis, heart disease, and various cancers, according to a new study by a team of scientists at the University of...

Baldness Linked To Higher Risk Of Prostate Cancer
27 Mar 2013 Early baldness is significantly linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer in African-American men. This includes diagnosis of more advanced and aggressive disease and diagnosis at an earlier age, according to new research published in Cancer...

Young Adult Cancer Deaths Cut In Half In The U.K.
25 Mar 2013 The number of deaths among teenagers and young adults due to cancer in the UK has been cut in half since the 1970s, according to new data from Cancer Research UK. The number of deaths among children and young adults dropped from close to 580 annually...

New Smartphone App 'Detects' Skin Cancer
22 Mar 2013 A new smartphone app that claims to detect warning signs of skin cancer has just been launched in the UK market following a two year beta in the U.S. The novel app, called Mole Detect Pro, provides its users with a remote professional diagnosis within...

Lifestyle That Protects Heart May Also Reduce Cancer Risk
19 Mar 2013 A lifestyle that conforms to 7 steps recommended to protect against heart disease may also reduce risk of cancer, according to new research published online this week in the American Heart Association (AHA) journal Circulation. In a statement to the...

Breast Cancer Patients Should Avoid High-Fat Dairy Products
18 Mar 2013 Patients who have suffered from breast cancer should avoid consuming high-fat dairy products in order to improve their long-term survival. The study, carried out by Kaiser Permanente researchers and published in the Journal of the National Cancer...

Kinase Inhibitors Could Keep Cancer Patients Alive For Much Longer
18 Mar 2013 Kinase inhibitors, a class of cutting-edge cancer medications, could keep patients alive for far longer than is currently possible after scientists from the University of Sussex and The Institute of Cancer Research, England, discovered how they attack...

Blood Test Tracks Response To Cancer Treatment
18 Mar 2013 A blood test that tracks fragments of DNA shed by dying tumor cells could one day be used to monitor how well patients are responding to cancer treatment, according to a small study in women with advanced breast cancer. Such a test could provide a...

Shift Work Raises Ovarian Cancer Risk
16 Mar 2013 Women who work shifts might have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer, researchers from the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, USA, reported in Occupational and Environmental Medicine. In an Accompanying Commentary in the same...

Using Cancer Treatment For Diseases Caused By Tapeworms
15 Mar 2013 Researchers are one step closer to finding treatments for two tropical diseases caused by tapeworms. The team was able to map the genomes of tapeworms which indicated what existing drugs could provide effective treatment for the diseases...

Radiation Raises Breast Cancer Survivors' Risk Of Heart Disease Slightly
14 Mar 2013 Breast cancer patients who undergo radiation therapy have a slightly increased risk of ischemic heart disease within five years, and the risk persists for at least twenty years, researchers from Oxford University, England, the Karolinska Institute...

Patient's Own Fat Cells May Help Fight Deadly Brain Cancer
13 Mar 2013 There is a form of stem cell in the human body that can chase cancer cells. Now a new study from the US suggests brain cancer patients' own fat may provide the best source of these mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for delivering treatments directly into...

How To Reduce One's Risk Of Colon Cancer
12 Mar 2013 Colon cancer, which is usually a preventable and highly curable disease, is the second cancer killer in the USA, say gastroenterologist Dr. Felice Schnoll-Sussman, NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center, and Dr. Benjamin Lebwohl...

Ovarian Cancer May Arise From Stem-Like Cells
08 Mar 2013 Scientists have discovered that the ovary contains a group of cells similar to stem cells that can mutate to form tumors. In a study of mouse ovaries, they found they could coax the stem-like cells to become cancerous by switching off two...

What Is Stomach Cancer? What Is Gastric Cancer?
07 Mar 2013 Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is the accumulation of an abnormal (malignant, cancerous) group of cells that form a tumor in any part of the stomach - in most cases, it refers to cancer that starts off in the mucus-producing cells on the

Colonoscopy May Reduce Advanced Cancer Risk By 70%
06 Mar 2013 Colonoscopy screening reduces the risk of advanced colorectal cancer by about 70% in average-risk adults. The finding came from a new study led by a researcher at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and was published in...

Breath Test Could Detect And Diagnose Stomach Cancer
06 Mar 2013 A simple test that analyzes the chemical signature of a patient's exhaled breath could help diagnose stomach cancer, according to new research by scientists from Israel and China reported online in the British Journal of Cancer this week. The...

Obesity Gene Linked To Skin Cancer
05 Mar 2013 A gene associated with obesity and overeating is also linked to the most fatal skin cancer, malignant melanoma. The finding came from a new study conducted by Cancer Research UK experts at the University of Leeds, England, and was published in Nature...

Skin Patch Shows Promise Against Prostate Cancer
04 Mar 2013 Delivering oestrogen through skin patches may offer a safer and easier way to treat prostate cancer than current hormone therapies, says new research from the UK. The study, published online in Lancet Oncology this week, finds that HRT (hormone...

Mobile Game App Could Help Drive Cancer Research
03 Mar 2013 A collaboration project between Cancer Research UK and the Citizen Science Alliance is focusing on creating a new mobile game app that could accelerate cures for cancer. The new and exciting idea will let people use their smartphones to play a fun game

PTSD Commonly Follows Breast Cancer Diagnosis
03 Mar 2013 Twenty-three percent of women who are newly diagnosed with breast cancer have PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) symptoms, researchers from the Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center (HICCC) at New York-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical...

Fukushima Residents Have Slightly Higher Cancer Risk
01 Mar 2013 There is a lightly higher risk of developing some types of cancers for people living near the site of the Fukushima nuclear power disaster, says a group of international experts who carried out an analysis. They added that the predicted risks for...

Omega-3 Supplements May Prevent Skin Cancer
27 Feb 2013 Consuming omega-3 fish oils can help to prevent skin cancer, according to the first clinical trial exploring the influence of fish oils on the skin immunity of humans. The study was conducted by a team of researchers from the University of Manchester...

Breast Cancer Rates Increase Among Young Women
27 Feb 2013 There has been a small increase in the incidence of advanced stage breast cancer among women 25 to 39 years old, according to a recent study in JAMA. Breast cancer is the most common form of malignant tumor in women aged 15 to 39 and accounts for...

Virus That Kills Prostate Cancer Cells Shows Treatment Potential
26 Feb 2013 A modified Newcastle disease virus that targets and kills all types of prostate cancer cells and leaves normal cells untouched shows promise as a cancer treatment that avoids the side effects which normally accompany hormonal treatment and...

Prostate Cancer Treated With High Dose Radioactive Pellets
25 Feb 2013 A new form of radiotherapy to treat prostate cancer is being used by doctors in Southampton, UK. Implanting radioactive pellets in prostate cancer patients which specifically target and eradicate the cancerous cells at the tumor site has proved to be...

GCP Could Lengthen Life Expectancy Of Prostate Cancer Patients
23 Feb 2013 The life expectancy of some prostate cancer patients could be lengthened with a natural, non-toxic substance called genistein-combined polysaccharide (GCP). The finding came from a new study on prostate cancer cells and mice conducted by researchers...

Kadcyla For Late-Stage Breast Cancer Approved By FDA
22 Feb 2013 Kadcyla (ado-trastuzumab emtansine), a new medication for the treatment of HER2-positive, metastatic breast cancer, has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), USA. Metastatic, also known as late-stage, means the cancer has spread to...

IVF Does Not Appear To Increase Cancer Risk, Study
18 Feb 2013 A study on Israeli women receiving fertility treatments found that IVF (in vitro fertilization) does not appear to raise the risk of breast and other female cancers, says a new report published in Fertility & Sterility. Lead author Louise Brinton, from

Alcohol Plays A Huge Role In Cancer Deaths In The U.S.
17 Feb 2013 We have known for years that sun exposure can lead to skin cancer and smoking can lead to lung cancer. Now a new report reveals that drinking alcohol is responsible for 3.5 percent of all cancer deaths in the U.S. The findings, published in the...

Copper Depletion Therapy Very Effective At Preventing Spread Of Cancer
16 Feb 2013 Copper depletion therapy has shown surprisingly good results in preventing the spread of cancer to organs in high-risk triple-negative breast cancer - a form of cancer that is very difficult to treat. A study, carried out by researchers at Weill...

Lung Cancer To Overtake Breast Cancer Among Women In Europe
14 Feb 2013 Within the next decade lung cancer is predicted to be the main cause of cancer deaths in European women, according to a recent study published in the journal Annals of Oncology. Lung cancer has already become the main cause of cancer death among women...

Factors For Eradicating Gastric Cancer Causing Bacterium H Pylori
13 Feb 2013 The bacterium Helicobacter pylori is one of the leading causes of gastric cancer worldwide, researchers analyzed the results of interventions that tried to eradicate the bacterium in several different Latin American population groups. The findings...

Exercise Reduces Prostate Cancer Risk In White Men
12 Feb 2013 Exercise reduces the risk of prostate cancer in white men. Working out can also lower the chance of developing more severe forms of the cancer in Caucasian males who have the disease. However, African-American men do not experience the same advantages...

Boosting Body's Natural Tumor-Fighting Protein May Aid Cancer Treatment
11 Feb 2013 New research from the US suggests it may be possible boost a natural tumor-fighting protein that is already present in the body's immune system to enhance the effectiveness of cancer treatment, especially for advanced cancers that are difficult to...

IBM Supercomputer "Watson" To Help In Cancer Treatment
10 Feb 2013 Oncologists hope that IBM's Watson supercomputer can help them improve the speed and efficacy of cancer treatments, IBM announced. Two years ago, "Watson" beat all-time Jeopardy! champions. Dr. Larry Norton, Deputy Physician-in-Chief for Breast...

Father's Obesity Influences Child's Cancer Risk
06 Feb 2013 Obese men are more likely to father children who go on to develop cancer, compared to men of normal weight, researchers from Duke Unviersity Hospital reported in BMC Medicine. Previous studies showed that a mother's diet and weight might impact a...

Generic Version Of Cancer Drug Doxil Approved By FDA
06 Feb 2013 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has just approved a generic version of the cancer drug Doxil (doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection). There is currently a serious shortage of the drug Doxil, and the decision by the FDA to allow a generic...

Some Cancer Mutations Slow Or Stop Tumor Growth
05 Feb 2013 Just as some mutations in the genome of cancer cells actively spur tumor growth, it would appear there are also some that do the reverse, and act to slow it down or even stop it, according to a new US study led by MIT. Senior author, Leonid Mirny, an...

Cuba - Investing In Biotechnology To Battle Cancer
04 Feb 2013 The Cuban government has made a substantial investment in biotechnology in a drive to battle cancer, the country's second leading cause of death, after cardiovascular disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 31,000 new cancer...

Avoid Eight Cancer Screenings, Says Consumer Reports
03 Feb 2013 Consumer reports evaluated eleven cancer screening tests, and has found that most of us should avoid eight of them. The non-profit consumer's organization says that most preventive cancer screenings are oversold and may confuse rather than clarify. In

Deep Fried Food Tied To Prostate Cancer
30 Jan 2013 From doughnuts to French fries, eating deep fried food at least once a week is linked to a raised risk for prostate cancer, according to a new US study. The researchers did not investigate why the link exists, but suggest it could be because deep...

Cancer Deaths Third Higher In Men Than Women In UK
30 Jan 2013 A new report shows that men are more than one third (35%) more likely to die of cancer in the UK than women, and they are two-thirds (67%) more likely to die from the disease when sex-specific cancers such as prostate, testicular and ovarian cancers...

Breast Cancer Survival Better After Lumpectomy Than Mastectomy
28 Jan 2013 Women with small early breast cancers may have a better chance of survival if they have lumpectomy plus radiation therapy than mastectomy, according to a new analysis due to be published early online in the journal Cancer this week. Although they did...

Avastin Wins FDA Approval For Colorectal Cancer Treatment
25 Jan 2013 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved use of Roche's Avastin for patients with colorectal cancer that has gotten worse despite treatment with the medication. This new approval will permit patients who were already treated once with...

Folic Acid Supplements Not Linked To Increased Cancer Risk
25 Jan 2013 Folic acid supplements are not liked to an increased cancer risk when taken for up to 5 years. The finding came from new research which looked at data on nearly 50,000 people and was published in The Lancet. Short-term use of folic acid supplements is...

Abraxane Improves Survival Among Pancreatic Cancer Patients
24 Jan 2013 Celegene Corp's drug Abraxane (paclitaxel protein-bound particles for injectable suspension) was found to be effective at improving overall survival among pancreatic cancer patients when combined with chemotherapy, according to results from the...

Prostate Cancer Diagnoses Up, Deaths Down, Latest UK Figures
23 Jan 2013 1 in 7 boys born in 2015 will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime, compared with 1 in 20 in 1990, according to the latest figures from Cancer Research UK, who suggest the main reason is the increased use of the PSA test, plus the...

Breast Cancer Recurrence Predictable With Blood Test
22 Jan 2013 Using a DNA marker that can be obtained via a blood test, researchers in Canada were able accurately to predict which women were more likely to see a recurrence of their breast cancer years later. Although more studies are needed to confirm their...

Grape Seed Extract Effective In Colorectal Cancer Treatment
21 Jan 2013 Grape seed extract is effective in inhibiting the growth of colorectal cancer cells, researchers from the University of Colorado Cancer Center reported in the journal Cancer Letters. In fact, the more advanced the colorectal cancer cells are, the more...

Cancer Death Rates Dropping Significantly
21 Jan 2013 The overall rate of cancer mortality has fallen 20 percent since 1991, according to new figures released by the American Cancer Society's annual Cancer Statistics report. Since 1991, the rate of cancer mortality has declined from 215.1 per 1000 to a...

Tanning Bed Cancer Risk Double That Of Summer Sun
18 Jan 2013 The risk of skin cancer from tanning beds is two times higher than spending the same length of time in the Mediterranean midday summer sun. The finding came from a new study conducted by a team of researchers at the University of Dundee, Scotland, and...

Pill-Camera Promising Alternative To Endoscopy For Cancer Diagnosis
16 Jan 2013 Researchers in the US have developed a high-tech camera you can swallow that takes detailed images of the insides of the gullet (esophagus) and stomach. Promising results of a small study in 13 people suggest the device may offer a quicker, cheaper...

Lung Cancer Screening For Heavy Smokers Recommended
13 Jan 2013 People who have smoked at least a pack-a-day for thirty years should undergo lung cancer screening, the American Cancer Society announced today in its lung cancer screening guidelines. The American Cancer Society says that doctors with access to...

3D Imaging Increases Breast Cancer Detection
12 Jan 2013 Three-dimensional mammography combined with conventional breast imaging can increase breast cancer detection by 27%. The finding came from a team of experts at the University of Olso in Norway and was published in the journal Radiology. The researchers

Beta-Blockers Help Lung Cancer Patients Live Longer
10 Jan 2013 Patients with non-small-cell lung cancer may live longer if they take beta-blockers while undergoing radiotherapy. The finding came from new research conducted by a team of experts at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (Houston, USA) and

Cancer Drug "Holiday" May Extend Patient Survival
10 Jan 2013 New research on mice shows that drug-resistant melanoma tumors shrink when treatment is interrupted, or given a "holiday", suggesting that altering the dose pattern of cancer drug treatment in this manner could be a simple way to extend survival in...

Cancer Death Rates Have Fallen Over The Last Decade
09 Jan 2013 Overall cancer death rates in the U.S. have been steadily declining, according to latest data gathered from The Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer. The report, which analyzed the number of deaths caused by cancer from 1975-2009, has...

Breast Cancer Screening Costs High And May Not Predict Better Results
08 Jan 2013 Medicare is putting out about as much money for screening breast cancer as it does treating it, claims a new study in JAMA Internal Medicine. Screening expenses for breast cancer in the Medicare program reached over $1 billion per year in the...

Cancer-Killing Stem Cells Could Be Used To Treat Cancer
05 Jan 2013 Researchers in Japan have for the first time shown it is possible to make cancer-specific immune system cells from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Their work brings closer the day when therapies use cloned versions of patients' own cells to...

Pap Tests For Cervical Cancer Frequently Go To Waste
04 Jan 2013 While younger females (under 30) are receiving regular screening with the country's current suggestions, 60% of women keep getting consistent Pap tests even after undergoing a total hysterectomy. The findings came from two different reports by the CDC

Novel Approach To Identifying Cancer Targets
03 Jan 2013 A new online way of quickly prioritizing the best druggable cancer targets has successfully identified 46 previously overlooked targets. The research, funded by Cancer Research UK, was published in the journal Nature Reviews Drug Discovery. The online...

Probe That Checks For Cancer On The Margin During Breast Lumpectomy Gets FDA Approval
03 Jan 2013 A probe that allows surgeons removing cancerous tissue during breast "lumpectomy" to check if the margins of the removed tissue are clear of cancer cells, has received Premarket Approval (PMA) in the US from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)...

Knowing How Cells Know They Aren't Upside Down May Help Fight Cancer
02 Jan 2013 The tops and bottoms of cells do different jobs, and healthy organs and tissue contain well-organized cells that are the right way up. One of the first signs of cancer is when cells become disorganized and can end up upside down. Now researchers in the

Breast Cancer Diagnosis Could Benefit Greatly From Spectroscopy
31 Dec 2012 The analysis of small deposits of calcium in breast tissue can help differentiate cancerous and benign tumors, but it is sometimes not easy to make such a diagnosis. Now a team of researchers in the US believes a new method that uses a special type of...

Enzyme PRSS3 Linked To Aggressive Prostate Cancer
30 Dec 2012 An enzyme, known as PRSS3, is specifically associated with aggressive prostate cancer risk, researchers from the Mayo Clinic, Florida reported this week in the journal Molecular Cancer Research. The scientists, who claim they are the first to link the...

Cancer Screening Rates Have Fallen In US
29 Dec 2012 Despite evidence that earlier diagnosis and improved treatment increases survival, rates of people seeking preventive cancer screening have fallen in the US in the last ten years. Failure of leading bodies to agree screening guidelines, plus reductions

Inability To Metabolize Tamoxifen Changes Breast Cancer Outcomes
29 Dec 2012 Breast cancer patients with a certain genetic liver enzyme alteration do not respond well to the hormone therapy tamoxifen as they have difficulty metabolizing the drug, leading to an increased risk of death and recurrence. The finding comes from a...

Drug Shortage Linked To Cancer Relapse
27 Dec 2012 A drug shortage appears to have caused a higher rate of relapse among children, teens and young adults with Hodgkin lymphoma, researchers form St. Jude Children's Research Hospital reported this week. The scientists say this is the first example of...

"Trojan Horse" Cancer Treatment Eliminates Cancer In Mice
24 Dec 2012 An experimental treatment that uses white blood cells like "Trojan horses" to carry a tumor-busting virus, completely abolished prostate cancer spread after chemo or radiotherapy in mice. The researchers hope clinical trials in human patients with...

Scientists Find Gene Linked To Ovarian And Breast Cancer
21 Dec 2012 Mutations in a gene known as PPM1D are associated with a higher risk of breast and ovarian cancer - which may represent a new cancer-causing process. The finding came from a new study published in the journal Nature which was conducted by a team of...

One In Two Men Will Develop Cancer
19 Dec 2012 New figures for the UK predict a man's risk of developing cancer during his lifetime will rise to one in two by 2027, largely because more people are living longer. The figures, released by Cancer Research UK on Wednesday, show that in the next 15...

Enzyme Helps Drive Aggressive Prostate Cancer
18 Dec 2012 Researchers at the Mayo Clinic in Florida have discovered that an enzyme called PRSS3, or mesotrypsin, may help drive aggressive prostate cancer. Although they don't believe it is the only factor, they suggest it offers a new target for treatment...

 

Higher Cancer Rates Among 9/11 Rescue And Recovery Workers
18 Dec 2012 There are higher incidences of prostate and thyroid cancer, as well as multiple myeloma, among rescue and recovery workers who inhaled fumes and dust following the World Trade Center terrorist attack, researchers from the New York City Department of...

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